Cancer is a general term used to refer to a condition where the body’s cells begin to grow and reproduce in an uncontrollable way. These cells can then invade and destroy healthy tissue, including organs. Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other parts
Cancer is a common condition and a serious health problem. More than one in three people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime. Excluding non melanoma skin cancer, there are around 7,000 new cases diagnosed each year in Northern Ireland.
- Control your weight. One of the most important things you can do if you have diabetes
is maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, talk to a registered dietitian
about healthy ways to lose weight.
- Get regular physical activity. There is a significant body of research that proves
the myriad cardiovascular benefits of regular physical activity (that goes beyond
weight loss). Start off slowly, and build a plan that works well for you and meets
your needs. The Joslin Diabetes Center offers one-on-one consultations with clinical
exercise physiologists that are covered by many insurance providers. These sessions
are considered diabetes education—not training sessions—and can start you on the
path toward physical fitness.
- Don’t smoke. If you already do, make plans to begin a smoking cessation program.
"Nicotine narrows and restricts blood vessels; diabetes will also do the same thing
to your blood vessels.. You can't change having diabetes. But you can stop damage
caused by nicotine," says Dr. Ganda.
- Maintain tight control over glucose. Tight control can prevent many complications
from diabetes and also protects your heart. Shoot for an A1C reading of less than
- Lower your LDL cholesterol (the "bad" type). Both the American Diabetes Association
and the American Heart Association recommend an LDL cholesterol goal of less than
100 mg/dl. Dr. Ganda recommends eating fiber-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables,
and whole grains. Also, he recommends asking your healthcare provider about omega-3
fish oil supplements.
- Psoriasis. Here’s the real heartbreak of psoriasis: It hikes the risk for heart
attacks, stroke, and peripheral artery disease (clogged vessels in the legs) as
much as smoking does. Blame inflammation, which triggers the dry scaly patches,
itching and burning of this chronic skin disorder. (Joints and organs can also be
affected.) Some studies suggest that aggressively treating psoriasis may trim CVD
- Vitamin D deficiency. Up to 50 percent of Americans have low levels of the sunshine
vitamin, doubling their risk for heart attack and stroke. A relaxing solution: Sit
in the sun and sip wine. The sun’s rays stimulate your body to produce vitamin D,
while a recent study reports that drinking two 6.8 ounce glasses of wine a day raises
women’s levels of HDL (good) cholesterol and lowers inflammatory markers. Men get
similar benefits at a slightly higher level of consumption.
Sub Topic 1: Smoking
Smoking causes many diseases and health problems, some fatal, among both smokers and non-smokers. In Northern Ireland, around 2,300 people die from smoking related illnesses each year.
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Sub Topic 2: Healthy weight
Healthy eating and physical activity are great ways of living a fitter and healthier life. They reduce the risk of developing heart disease, some cancers, diabetes and high blood pressure, and can help you achieve or maintain a healthy weight.
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Sub Topic 3: Protection from the sun
The heat can affect anyone, but some people are at greater risk of serious harm. Remember to think of those who may be more at risk from the effects of heat. Listen to your local weather forecast so you know if a heatwave is on the way. Plan ahead to reduce the risk of ill health from the heat.
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Sub Topic 4: Don’t drink too much alcohol
Some types of cancer are more common in heavy drinkers. These include cancers of the liver, throat, oesophagus (gullet) and mouth. People who smoke and drink a lot are even more at risk.
4/30/2014 12:59:58 PM