Acute Coronary Syndrome is a name given to three types of coronary artery disease that are associated with sudden rupture of plaque inside the coronary artery:
Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction or heart attack (NSTEMI)
ST segment elevation myocardial infarction or heart attack (STEMI).
Most heart murmurs are innocent: They are caused by blood flowing through healthy valves in a healthy heart and do not require treatment. However, heart murmurs can be caused by blood flowing through a damaged or overworked heart valve.
- Control your weight. One of the most important things you can do if you have diabetes
is maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, talk to a registered dietitian
about healthy ways to lose weight.
- Get regular physical activity. There is a significant body of research that proves
the myriad cardiovascular benefits of regular physical activity (that goes beyond
weight loss). Start off slowly, and build a plan that works well for you and meets
your needs. The Joslin Diabetes Center offers one-on-one consultations with clinical
exercise physiologists that are covered by many insurance providers. These sessions
are considered diabetes education—not training sessions—and can start you on the
path toward physical fitness.
- Don’t smoke. If you already do, make plans to begin a smoking cessation program.
"Nicotine narrows and restricts blood vessels; diabetes will also do the same thing
to your blood vessels.. You can't change having diabetes. But you can stop damage
caused by nicotine," says Dr. Ganda.
- Maintain tight control over glucose. Tight control can prevent many complications
from diabetes and also protects your heart. Shoot for an A1C reading of less than
- Lower your LDL cholesterol (the "bad" type). Both the American Diabetes Association
and the American Heart Association recommend an LDL cholesterol goal of less than
100 mg/dl. Dr. Ganda recommends eating fiber-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables,
and whole grains. Also, he recommends asking your healthcare provider about omega-3
fish oil supplements.
- Psoriasis. Here’s the real heartbreak of psoriasis: It hikes the risk for heart
attacks, stroke, and peripheral artery disease (clogged vessels in the legs) as
much as smoking does. Blame inflammation, which triggers the dry scaly patches,
itching and burning of this chronic skin disorder. (Joints and organs can also be
affected.) Some studies suggest that aggressively treating psoriasis may trim CVD
- Vitamin D deficiency. Up to 50 percent of Americans have low levels of the sunshine
vitamin, doubling their risk for heart attack and stroke. A relaxing solution: Sit
in the sun and sip wine. The sun’s rays stimulate your body to produce vitamin D,
while a recent study reports that drinking two 6.8 ounce glasses of wine a day raises
women’s levels of HDL (good) cholesterol and lowers inflammatory markers. Men get
similar benefits at a slightly higher level of consumption.
Sub Topic 1: Irregular Heart Rhythm
Irregular heart rhythm -- arrhythmia -- is when your heart doesn't keep up a good beat. Learn what it means here
4/30/2014 12:51:07 PM
Sub Topic 2: Atrial Fibrillation
It's the most common kind of irregular heart beat. Here's where to find out what it is, and what to do about it.
4/30/2014 12:51:36 PM
Sub Topic 3: Heart Rhythm Disorders
Irregular heart rhythms can cause the pumping function of the heart to fail. See how.
4/30/2014 12:52:16 PM
Sub Topic 4: Pericardial Effusion
Fluid around the heart can be caused by various types of infection/inflammation or cancer, kidney disease or heart surgery. This fluid can impair heart function. Read more in this technical article written for doctors.
4/30/2014 12:52:45 PM