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Large PERICARDIAL EFFUSION in report. TUBERCULOSIS?

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HI Doctors,
please see the attached report of my uncle, he was diagnosis with large percardial effusion
please help me enlighten me what type of disease infect my uncle has ?
please let me know why his heart is getting fluid full up , and how to prevent it further increase of fluid ?
he had high Blood before this heart diagnosis , now it is showing normal BP, no more High BP, is this ok
is my uncle suffering from Tuberculous,
please advice ,
your suggestion will make my and uncle life much better ,
please help me .
thanks
Paramesh

Category: Cardiologist

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Category: Internal Medicine Specialist
 30 Doctors Online

Hello,
Thank you for your query at DoctorSpring.com
To briefly explain about pericardial effusion , it indicates collection of fluid around the heart . It is a symptom of a disease process rather then a disease.
Most pericardial effusions are caused by inflammation of the pericardium, a condition called pericarditis. As the pericardium becomes inflamed, extra fluid is produced, leading to a pericardial effusion.
Viral infections are one of the main causes of pericarditis and pericardial effusions. Infections causing pericardial effusions include cytomegalovirus, coxsackieviruses, echo viruses, and HIV.
Other conditions that can cause pericardial effusions include:

In a large number of people with pericardial effusion, no cause can be identified. These are called idiopathic pericardial effusions.
Symptoms depend on the rate of accumulation , sometimes when there is slow and gradual accumulation patient may not have any symptoms and sometimes sudden accumulation of few hundred ml of fluid can cause severe symptoms called pericardial tamponade.
Treatment depends upon the cause of effusion , sometimes treating the cause itself can regress the effusion .
Ideally a diagnostic tap of pericardial effusion is done and analysis is done to identity whether it is exudative or transduate. Exudative causes usually require immediate treatment while as transduate are due due to systemic causes like congestive cardiac failure , hypothyroidism , nephrotic syndrome etc.
In your uncle case you have not send me the complete analysis of pericardial fluid .

Regards
Dr Satish


Dr. E. Satish Kumar
Category: Internal Medicine Specialist
Experience: 
Fellowship, Cardiology - Tamil Nadu Doctor M.G.R. Medical University - DNB, Cardiology, 2002 – 2005Training in Germany in Complicated AngioplastiesMedical School - Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Medical college, MBBBS MD, Int Medicine, 1989 – 1999.
Trained in Rota Abalation for treating Calcific coronary artery disease in Japan
Dr. E. Satish Kumar and 4 other Medical Specialists are ready to help you

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