Hello, Thanks for writing to us.
There are many methods of contraception. There are barrier methods, there are IUDs (intra uterine devices) ,there are pills (hormonal pills) etc. Every contraceptive method has its own risks, benefits and side effects. The best method with the least side effects is barrier contraception and that too male condom. Female condoms are of high maintenance and less compliant. But the failure rate is pretty high.
The other method is oral contraceptive pills, they are hormonal. They are a combination of estrogen and progesterone in minute doses, should be taken on a daily basis and are very helpful and with less failure rate. This is a better option for newly married, who cannot use intrauterine contraceptive devices as they are better used after the child birth.
Intra uterine devices are of various kinds which are placed inside the uterus. It is impregnated with hormone which is released in pulsatile fashion. There is a thread hanging out of the vagina to confirm its presence. It has lesser failure rates although it has quite a few side effects like painful menstruation, and problems like falling off from its position, allergy to the substance, less compliance etc. Above all it is not ideal for women who have not given birth to a child yet.
There are also other methods like depot preparations like norplant or skinpatches, injection preparations which are given every quarterly. Ideally in your case birth control pills are advised. Consult your physician and take his suggestion for the proper contraception method.
Hope this helps.