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TRANSMISSION RATE of HIV with cut, blood on hand.

Resolved Question:

Dear sir.
I have a qurious question
I know that transmission rate of hiv virus thru mucous membrane is very low almost 0.03.
If patient has a cut on hand and little blood on hand and after 1 or 2 minutes after ... touch someone nose or nostril.
Do you think is it possible to get hiv virus thru such activity
As far as i know that nose hair located part is not mucouse membrane it is normal skin. Where is mucous membrane in mose and blood which is ouside of body lose its ability to infect or is it ok within minute.
Thank you very much.

Category: Urologist

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Category: Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STD)Specialist
Dr. Rajiv Goel is online now

Expert:  Dr. Rajiv Goel replied 4 Days.

Thank you for your query at
The symptoms your husband is experiencing are secondary to the stone in the ureter. Majority of the stones of the size of 5 mm are expected to pass out by themselves with the help of medication. However if they don't pass out even after 3 weeks of medication then you certainly need to see your doctor.

As far dietary recommendations are concerned your husband should cut down on protein intake (pulses, nonvegetarian food, cheese), salt intake, table sugar intake and drink two glasses of lemon water every day without salt.
Feel free to discuss further,

Rajiv Goel

Patient replied :

I have heard that these foods are also not good: green chilly, capsicum, tomato, ajwain seeds, rice, orange, nuts in kidney stones. Is it true?

Expert:  Dr. Rajiv Goel replied 3 Days.

Thank you for your follow up query.
It would be difficult to comment on these above mentioned specific foods since there is no scientific proof in favor of or against them.
However, the following dietary recommendations have scientific backing:

  • Avoid beets, spinach, rhubarb, strawberries, nuts, chocolate, tea, wheat bran, and all dry beans (fresh, canned, or cooked), excluding lima and green beans, these are known to increase kidney stone formation.
  • It is very important to drink plenty of liquids. Your goal should be 10-12 glasses a day. At least 5-6 glasses should be water. You may also want to consider drinking lemonade.
  • Eating large amounts of protein may increase the risk of kidney stone formation. Your daily protein needs can usually be met with 2-3 servings a day, or 4 to 6 ounces.
  • Limit eating processed foods such as hot dogs, deli meats, sausage, canned products, dry soup mixes, sauerkraut, pickles, and various convenience mixes.
Hope this helps, fee free to discuss further

Dr. Rajiv Goel
Category: Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STD)Specialist
MCh(urology) Medical Council of India
Fellow, Laparoscopic urology, Germany
Fellow, Urooncology and Robotic urology, Australia
Felloship - MCH, Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, AIIMS, 2004
Residency - MS, Master of Surgery, AIIMS, 2001
Medical School - MBBS, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, AIIMS, 1998
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